Child marriage is a prevalent practice worldwide. However, this practice is questioned in the twentieth century when the minimum age of marriage is increased in different countries. History of child marriage: Do you really need it?
In ancient and medieval society, girls were usually married before adolescence. In ancient Greece, marriage and motherhood were encouraged at an early age. Even boys and their adolescents were encouraged to get married. Pregnancy was a very common phenomenon in early childhood and adolescence.
Child marriage also has a long history, which we will discuss in more detail below:
- Theodora Komnene was married to King Baldwin III of Jerusalem in 1158 when she was only 13. The first child was Alexios Komnenos.
- Agnes of France was only widowed at the age of 12 and was married to Byzantine Emperor Andronicus Comnenus in 1182. Their first child was Manuel Komnenos (1183).
- Richard was married to Isabella de Valois (9 November 1389) when he was 8 years old. First child Joan of Valois (13 September 1409)
- Beatrice d’Este (June 29, 1475), the most beautiful princess of the Italian Renaissance, was only 5 when she married Ludovico Sforza (known as “il Moro”). First child Bianca Giovanna Sforza (1482)
- Girolamo Riario was married to Princess Caterina Sforza (1463) at 9 years old. The first child was Bianca Riario (1478).
- King Denis of Portuga was married to St Elizabeth of Portugal (1271) when she was only 12 years old. And soon became the mother of three children. First child Constance of Portugal (3-1-1290)
- 90-year-old Joseph was married to Jesus’ mother Mary at the age of 13.
- Rebecca married Abraham’s son, Isaac, at the age of nine.
- Shri Krishna is married to Shri Rukmini, only 8 years old. (According to mythology, no further details of their clan are known).
- Shri Ram was married to 6-year-old Sita. (According to mythology, no further details of their clan are known).
- Ayesha was 11 years old when she married Muhammad in 623 CE. Although Muhammad’s other wives had children, Ayesha has no history of producing children.
- In 1450 Margaret Beaufort (1441/1443) (age 7; approximately) was married to John de la Pole (age 7). First child Henry VII of England (28 January 1457)
- Richard de Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York (age 4) with Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk (age 6), is thought to have been killed at the age of ten.
- Rukhmabai (age 11) was married to a 19-year-old man. Later, the marriage of Queen Victoria broke the marriage.
- Indian mathematician Srinivas Ramanujan married 10-year-old Janakiammal Iyengar
- The Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose married Ushabati Ghosh (age 11) at the age of twenty. After marriage, he enrolled in college. They have 9 children. Of them, two children die at birth.
- Nusud Ali was married at the age of 10, but later again at the age of 18, with government intervention.
- Source: Western Encyclopedia
In ancient Rome, the marriage age of the girls was 12 years and the boys were over the age of 14. According to the English law in the middle Ages, marriage was recognized by all 16 years ago. The above discussion is some old history of child marriage.
Religious causes had increased history of a child marriage very much. Most religions support marriageable age. Christianity prohibits the marriage of a daughter before adolescence. Jewish experts discourage marriage before puberty, but at the same time, in the field, a father of 3 to 12 years can marry his daughter.
According to the Catholic Church, the least marriage age is 14 for boys and 12 for girls. Later in 1983, in the discipline, the corrected age of 1971 was 16 years for boys and 14 years for girls.
According to Islamic marriage, there has been and is a practiced practice of marrying a minor girl in Muslim society. According to the accepted descriptions of Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, the basis of Shariah law is the lifeblood of the Prophet. To protect the diversity of the marriage, he married his third wife Ayesha (RA) at the age of 11 with his 13 wives. But the bad side of early marriage was avoiding having a baby at a young age. He set a different example by avoiding association with his younger wife. Although the Prophet (SAW) refrained from associating with adolescents due to age gap, according to some Indian mainstream Islamic thinkers, it is not the age of chronology, but the Muslim age according to Muslim religious laws, when parents will consider their daughters and sisters and mentally married. No parent is allowed to make the decision.
There is still widespread practice of child marriage and adolescent worship, clitoris-worship, in the traditional or Hindu religion. Many of their Linga temples still exist in the Kingdom of India. Despite being banned by the Indian government, Kamrukkamaksha is still practiced by the superstitious daughters of Kumara, gender worship of Kamaksharani and virgin worship.
In traditional society, white sheets are kept in the bed on the night of the wedding. During the intercourse of the bride and the bridegroom, the amount of blood released from the vaginal veil is measured. The news of the bride’s vagina being torn out of blood, and the extravagant slander of the bride, is seen through various news. So, early marriages are arranged for the protection of the world with integrity by marrying the daughters of young vaginas at an early age.
When he was married to Uttarth Mrinalini Devi (born 9th December 1873) of Shri Rabindranath Tagore in Jhaji Bramma section, Mrinalini Tagore was only 8 years old. The first child, Madhurilata, was born in 1886 when Mrinalini Devi was only 12 years old. Of the 5 children in the family, 3 were born to Madhurilata (1886), Rathindranath (1888) and Renuka Devi (1890) before Mrinalini Devi was 17 years old.
The boys are sometimes married at an immature age. But according to UNICEF data, “girls are more victimized”. Marriage rates for boys of unknown age are slight. As of September 2014, 156 million boys were victims of child marriage.
The impact of early marriage on girls is long-term. Especially in the context of health, education and social development. Its effects last and last after adolescence. Pregnancy and childbirth are the leading causes of death among women aged 15-19 in the developing world. In Niger, one of the highest child marriages in the world, where 3 out of every 4 girls get married before their 18th birthday.